Because of its permanent shine, indestructible nature and extreme malleability, gold has always commanded a special fascination in many cultures worldwide.
Gold has an imposing role in symbolism and mythology
Virtually all ancient civilizations have legends based on the value of gold in their societies. Despite cultural and religious differences, gold has been linked to both economic and mystical realms, where a series of attractive eternal and divine powers have been attributed to it.
In many cultures Gold appears as a symbol for quests, incorruptible nature, supreme wisdom and absolute truth. The Bible contains at least 400 references to the many attributes of Gold, while its color and radiance are linked to the sun.
This precious metal stands out in Greek mythology in examples such as the legend of King Midas and that of the Golden Fleece, where it has "resurrecting powers”. Similarly, gold is visible in the golden apples of the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon -a dragon of a hundred heads-, which "conferred immortality to anyone who ate them."
In Aztec mythology it was believed that gold was"the sweat of the sun", an association that turned it into an incredibly sacred metal. Huitzilopochtli, the god of the king star, was also the main figure of war, human sacrifice and the most important ceremonies. The offerings and ornaments of gold were decisive in these rituals, therefore, it was not just a metal, but an incarnation of their most revered deity.
In Hindu mythology, gold also has a story of divine origin linked to the Samudra Manthan or the "Churning of the Ocean". According to legend, gods and demons churned the vast ocean to obtain the"nectar of immortality". As they stirred the sea, using a colossal mountain and a giant snake, many treasures emerged, including gold, a gift born from the"cosmic order."
For the ancient Egyptians, gold represented "the flesh of the gods", particularly the sun God Ra. Its indestructible nature symbolized "the eternal and the divine". Pharaohs were often buried in golden coffins to help them in their journey to the afterlife.
Abundance and Eternal Beauty
As part of the Norse mythology, Sif, the wife of the thunder god Thor, was known for the glittering beauty of her hair made of gold, which symbolizes "prosperity and fertility." Whereas the Celts believed in the magic cauldron of the Dagda, which was said to be made of gold; this cauldron of lustrous golden construction was seen as a symbol of
"rebirth and eternal abundance."
In Africa, the story of the Golden Stool (sacred symbol of the Ashanti nation) emerged, exemplifying the intrinsic value of gold in their culture, by legitimizing and symbolizing "authority and divine right."
And just as the Chinese mythology preserves a legend about a Golden Mountain, which grants "spiritual immortality" through its trees of gold and silver, the Persian culture has Simurgh, a mythical bird with golden plumage. The fall of its feathers brings prosperity to the land in an epic way, representing "blessings and purification" just like the enriching power of gold.
Es así como este metal precioso ha sido venerado, atesorado y profundamente integrado en la mitología de diversas culturas. Su magnetismo es innegable y las historias que inspira se han extendido por todo el mundo
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